What will the future of computing look like?
The past seventy -five years have marked some of the most dramatic technol ogical advances in
human history. The computers developed to get man to the moon were several orders of magnitude
larger and less powerful than an y given smartphone available today . In 19 50, the ide a that an average
indi vid ual would be able to hold the sum of most human knowl edge in their hands would ha ve been
unimaginable. Likewise, the future of com puting from this point mig ht similar ly so.
The next f ew years of compu ting, absent a sudden scien tific b rea kthrough, will be more
predictable, however. As M oore s Law reaches its end and development in processers plat eau, the next
few years will more than likely see compu ters that are a generation or two behind catch up to current
capabilities . Processi ng improvements in smartphones and IoT produc ts will co ntinue as the
manufacturers designing them beg in using the m ore recent hardware. For s ystems that have already
experienced this plat eau, another av en ue of advancement could l ie in its s pecialized processors .
Specialized processors have already seen widespread proliferation with graphics cards, and their ability
to lessen th e Central Processing Unit s (CPU) workload in re source intensive programs (such as vi deo
games) have already made Graphic al Processing U nits ( GPUs) ess ential in any modern system.
Applying that utility to other, non -graphical proc esses, might be the key to overcoming the wall looming
over technological advancement.
The next ten or fifteen y ears might prove to be a more volatile point in computers history.
Assuming the rate of improvement found in standard computers from the 1940 s to the 19 60 s, there is a
fair chance that quant um computers will develop to the point of being able to effectively run Shor s
Algorithm . Shor s Algorithm is a m ethod for finding the facto rs of a number (X) by guessing an initial
number and using mathematic al properties of exponents and factors to turn the initial gues s into a better
one . A great deal of modern encry ption uses the fact that a large number is difficult to factor into two
prime numbers, and Shor s Al gorithm , combined with the unique mechan ics of quantum comput ing ,
ma ke th at process much faster and more efficient . Th is would pose a massive se curity risk on an
international scale, which might result in government al interference in the name of national security .
The possib ilities of cyber espionage and cyber warfare with such an en cryption breaking tool an d its
international ramifications remains out of the scope of th is paper, ho wever.
To be b lunt, predicting the next century in computing is a speculative at best and a crapshoot at
worst . A cent ury ago, computers hadn t even been developed. It i sn t a st retch to imagine that a century
from now, a technological develop ment beyon d the scope of our wildest imaginations will have replaced
the modern -day computer entirely. Th e optimist in me hopes that Full Dive Virtual R eali ty will come to
fruition , but that is simply fantasy . Despite science fiction, some educated guesses can be made .
Following current trends, most , if not all manufact uring jobs around the wo rld will be replaced with
auto mated machines. It is more than likely that given a cent ury of devel op ment, A rtific ial Intelligence
will have matured into sentience unless otherwise restricted from doing so. Nanomachines and
bioco mputing could be fully implemented , but all of these are guesses. Honestly, I do not know what the
next century in comp uting holds . I do no t know what the next half century holds . Speculating at the far
future , whil e putting history in perspective, will more than likel y be prone to horrendous error. The only
safe assumption to be made is tha t today s generation will be essential in bringing that future into
 Aitken, R ob. Moore's Law Ending? No Problem. EETimes, EE Times, 27 Mar. 2019,
 minutephysics. How Quantum Computers Break Encryption | Shor's Algorithm
Explained. YouTu be , YouTube, 30 Apr. 2019,