the way written work is organized for a certain cause and effect
the storyline or series of events in a written piece
The writer weaves two or more plots in the same story with a common character and a common theme.
writing strategies used to create suspense and keep the reader reading
how quickly or slowly the writer takes the reader through a text
The writer gives hints about what will happen later in the story.
Writers interrupt the current storyline to insert past events; this is used to provide background information.
a struggle between opposing forces – usually between a protagonist and antagonist; may be internal or external
how characters behave in relation with each other
a reason that explains, or partially explains a character’s thoughts, feelings, actions or speech
a character that is more than one-dimensional; changes attitudes and behaviors to suit different situations; usually develops throughout a story
a character that usually possesses only one or two personality traits and stays the same throughout a story
a character who exhibits change and personal growth through the course of a story
THEME OR UNIVERSAL MEANING
the underlying message of a story, novel, play, or poem that can be applied to life; it’s usually subtle – not directly stated in the text
looking at small parts to see how they affect the whole; in literature, focus on how plot/structure, character, setting, etc. create a theme or meaning of the text