During this module/week you will watch the video, A Child’s Mind: How Kids Learn Right from Wrong, as well as reading from your Slavin and Schunk (2017). You may use both sources as you complete this assignment. You must answer each question using complete sentences and following current APA format. However, you must also properly cite your sources. For your description of each of the moral development theories, write at least 4–5 sentences. For the final question, construct one solid paragraph of at least 400 words each.
You must cite at least 1 professional source. You can cite the video as follows You can see how to complete the reference for the video at the end of these instructions.
The information that you gain will help you as you develop your Final Paper. Be sure to write in complete sentences and follow current APA guidelines. Submit this assignment by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of Module/Week 2. Four Moral Development Theories Describe Jean Piaget’s Theory of Moral Development According to the film A Child’s Mind: How kids Learn Rights & Wrongs by Kathleen O Ryan (Chicago, IL: Learning Seed, 2011), “Is characterized by two transitions such as Heteronomous and Autonomous”.
Heteronomous means subject to external law, rule, or authority.
Piaget believed that children the ages of 9 and 10 morals are external, which means their sense of right and wrong are controlled by parents and any other adult figure that is present in their life for the time being. He believed children’s rules are decided for them.
” Autonomous means independent in mind or self-governing.” Piaget believed that children over the age of 10 no longer need others to tell them what is morally wrong and right. He believed older children viewed rules as decided for themselves and that they could be changed if the parties involved to agree. Piaget believed heteronomous and autonomous went through three stages which were per moral, moral and realism.
“Kohlberg’s theory of moral reasoning was based on how children and adults’ reasons their rules by their behavior in certain situations.” (Slavin and Schunk (2017) He did not examine children’s game playing, he focused on moral dilemmas. “Kohlberg’s label has three levels with six stages. The three levels are preconventional, conventional, and postconventional. He believed with each stage the moral perspective changes through sequence and are related to age.” (Ryan, 2011) He was concerned not so much with the child’s answer as with reasoning behind it. “Kohlberg believed that moral dilemma can be used to advance a child’s level of moral reasoning, but only one stage at a time.” (Slavin and Schunk (2017)
Elliot Turiel’s Moral domain theory had three stages such as Moral, Social, and psychological. He believed actions have effect on other people and that morality is concerned with harm, welfare, and fairness. “Domain theory allows the understanding of moral concept at an earlier age than those of Piaget and Kohlberg.”
Albert Bandura suggest that children learn from social context. He believes that most human behavior is learned through modeling. Albert Bandura believes that children also learn certain things by imitating others. He believed the models with the most influence is warm, powerful, possesses desirable objects, possesses desirable characteristics, and are the same sex as the children. Bandura stated that children’s motivation to act on certain things are due to past reinforcement, promised reinforcement, and vicarious reinforcement. He also talks about reinforcements that should not be picked up as learned behavior such as past punishments, promised punishments, and vicarious punishments. He believed violent tendencies is from models that demonstrates aggression such as in televisions and video games.
Share at least 2 verses/passages regarding social, moral, and emotional development. Share the verse in quotes followed by the citation. Moral: “Again, the word of the Lord came to me: “Son of man, make known to Jerusalem her abominations, and say, thus says the Lord God to Jerusalem: Your origin and your birth are of the land of the Canaanites; your father was an Amorite and your mother a Hittite. And as for your birth, on the day you were born your cord was not cut, nor were you washed with water to cleanse you, nor rubbed with salt, nor wrapped in swaddling cloths. No eye pitied you, to do any of these things to you out of compassion for you, but you were cast out on the open field, for you were abhorred, on the day that you were born.” “By his cunning he shall make deceit prosper under his hand, and in his own mind he shall become great.
Without warning he shall destroy many. And he shall even rise up against the Prince of princes, and he shall be broken—but by no human hand.”( Daniel 8:25 New King James Version); “Calling to the mountains and rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the face of him who is seated on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb, for the great day of their wrath has come, and who can stand?” (Revelations 6:16-17New King James Version) “Train up a child in the way he should go; even when he is old, he will not depart from it.” (Proverbs 22:6 New King James Version); “For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the Lord: I will put my laws into their minds, and write them on their hearts, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.” (Hebrews 8:10 New King James Version)
Why is it essential to instill a sense of right and wrong in children from a biblical perspective? Support your answer. It is essential to teach children right and wrong from a biblical perspective because we were all created to reflect our savior. If we do not become the shepherds that lead the lambs to get to know Christ and his word better, we are breaking our promise to God that we made when we let him in our hearts as our savior. Right and wrong teachings fall into the teachings biblical when Gods word demonstrates good and evil. In 1Timonthy 5:8 it states, “But if anyone does not provide for his relatives, and especially for members of his household, he has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.” If we do not teach biblically to our children, we are indeed much worse than someone who doesn’t put their faith in Christ because they are not being false as such as someone who knows the word and just decides not to spread it.
Timothy 3:15 says, “And how from childhood you have been acquainted with the sacred writings, which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus.” The only way children will learn the truth of right in wrong and be physically and mentally wise with them is being taught from where right and wrong originated from, which is the Bible. Elliot Turiel’s moral domain theory and Albert Banduras theory of moral development are similar because they both agree that children learn certain behaviors from what they are exposed to. Turiel focused more on how children imitate people who are active in their lives and Bandura focuses more on how children imitate behavior from what they see people or characters portray on media. But they both are still focused in the same realm when it comes to believing that children develop behaviors from what they see or the environment they grew up around.
They both believe that child development starts at a younger age, But I believe Banduras goes more into detail with his theory than Turiel does. The difference between the two are that Bandura believed in no trial learning which means, “Children do not have to go through a shaping process but can reproduce the correct response immediately.” (Slavin and Schunk (2017) Elliot Turiel believed that children must go through milestones so they can identify moral judgements such as fairness and the welfare of others. Both of their views compare with biblical worldviews by knowing Jesus is our number one source and who we are supposed to reflect through our lifetime, When children learn biblically at a young age and has the word of God modeled for them whether from church, teachers, media and parents, the more they will become wiser when they come to a crossroads dealing with right and wrong.
As a teacher, I can help my children to develop a sense of right and wrong by modeling it to them in class such as praying in class before any test we take, reacting to certain behaviors or situations with love and kindness instead of being misunderstanding, and telling them stories in the bible of certain men and women who did wrong things but grew in Christ to do the right thing. I also use biblical visuals such as “Super Book” So my first graders can relate more with the children in the show and showing children like them how they make mistakes, but we learn from them through Christ, Love, Understanding and forgiveness. They love when I show super book! I read them a story from the Bible before we start class, I asked them their views on the story to get their brains going then I show them a super book episode that demonstrates the Bible story I just read to their level. I believe between the ages of 4-7 that visuals and hands-on activities are so helpful for them to give more of a better understanding when it comes to academics, biblical worldviews and what’s right and wrong.