Classification and Explanation Parts Of Speech

Nouns are a part of speech typically denoting a person, place, thing, animal or idea. These are the subjects in the sentence.

Kinds of Nouns

Common Nouns

A common noun is the word used for a class of person, place or thing. Examples: * Car * Man * Bridge * Town * Water * Metal * Ammonia

Proper Nouns

A proper noun is the name of a person, place or thing (i. e. , its own name). A proper noun always starts with a capital letter. Examples: * Michael * Africa * Peking * Dayton Peace Accord * United Nations * The Tower of London * Uncle George Uncle is written with a capital letter because it is part of his name.

) * My favourite auntie is Auntie Sally. (In this example, the first auntie is a common noun, but the second Auntie is part of a proper noun. ) * The Red Lion

Collective Nouns

A collective noun is the name of a number (or collection) of people or things taken together and spoken of as one whole.

Examples: * team * choir * flock * gang * pack

Abstract Nouns

An abstract noun is a type of noun that refers to something with which a person cannot physically interact.A noun that is abstract is an aspect, concept, idea, experience, state of being, trait, quality, feeling, or other entity that cannot be experienced with the five senses. Examples: * love * joy

Compound Nouns

Are nouns that are made up of more than one word Examples: * court-martial * pickpocket * water bottle * dining-table *  boyfriend

Count Nouns

a count noun (also countable noun) is a common noun that can be modified by a numeral and that occurs in both singular and plural form.

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Examples: * Five table * One chair * Seven awards Twelve candidates *  Six bottles

Mass Nouns

Also known as non-countable nouns these are the things you cannot count Examples: * Food * music


Pronouns are words that substitute for nouns a person, place, thing, or an idea.

Kinds of Pronouns

Personal Pronouns:

Personal pronouns are pronouns that are associated primarily with a particular grammatical person – first person, second person, or third person. SINGULAR| PLURAL| | subjective| objective| possessive| subjective| objective| possessive| 1st person| I| me| my, mine| we| us| our, ours| nd person| you| you| your, yours| you| you| your, yours| 3rd person| hesheit| himherit| hisher,  hersits| they | them| their, theirs|

Demonstrative Pronouns:

Demonstrative pronouns stand in for a person, place or thing that must be pointed to. They may function as subjects, objects or objects of the preposition are pronouns that are associated primarily with a particular grammatical person – first person, second person, or third person.

Reflexive / Intensive Pronouns :  the “self” pronoun

These pronouns can be used only to reflect or intensify a word already there in the sentence.Examples: * myself * yourself * himself * herself * itself * themselves * yourselves

Indefinite Pronouns

An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun that refers to one or more unspecified beings, objects, or places. Singular: one| someone| anyone| no one| everyone| each| somebody| anybody| nobody| everybody| (n)either| something| anything| nothing| everything| Plural:

Interrogative Pronouns:

Interrogative pronouns produce information questions that require more than a “yes” or “no” answer.

Relative Pronouns

Relative pronouns introduce relative (adjectival) clauses.


The verb is perhaps the most important part of the sentence. A verb or compound verb asserts something about the subject of the sentence and express actions, events, or states of being.

The Kinds Of Verbs are:

1. Linking Verb- joins the subject with a word in the predicate that describes the subjects

2. Action Verb- expresses an action

3. Auxiliary or helping verb-is placed before the main verb in a verb phrase

4. Main Verb- is placed after the auxiliary or helping verb in a verb phrase


An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying, or quantifying words. An adjective usually precedes the noun or the pronoun which it modifies. ? Descriptive Adjectives or adjective of quality ? Adjective of quantity ? Predicative Adjectives ? Personal Titles ? Possessive Adjectives ? Demonstrative Adjectives ? Indefinite Adjectives ? Interrogative adjectives ? Comparative Adjectives


Adverbs are words that modify a verb, adjective, another adverb.

Kinds of Adverb:

Adverbs of Manner

Adverbs of Manner tell us the manner or way in which something happens.

Adverbs of Place

Adverbs of Place tell us the place where something happens.

Adverbs of Time

Adverbs of Time tell us something about the time that something happens.

Adverbs of Degree

Adverbs of Degree tell us the degree or extent to which something happens.


a preposition links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. The word or phrase that the preposition introduces is called the object of the preposition.

Prepositions for Time

Prepositions used for time of different natures are in, on at etc.

Preposition for Place

Prepositions “in, on or at” are usually used for different places.

Preposition for Direction

Prepositions like to, towards, through, into are used to describe the direction.


A conjunction is a joiner, a word that connects (conjoins) parts of a sentence.

Coordinating Conjunctions

These conjunctions are used to link or join two words or phrases that are equally important and complete in terms of grammar when compared with each other. For And Nor But Or Yet Soon

Subordinating Conjunctions

These conjunctions are used to join an independent and complete clause with a dependent clause that relies on the main clause for meaning and relevance. Other subordinating conjunctions are – Although, As, Before, Once, Though,Until, Whether, etc.

Correlative Conjunctions

Correlative conjunctions work in pairs to join words and groups of words of equal weight in a sentence. There are six different pairs of correlative conjunctions: 1. either… or 2. not only… but (also) 3. neither… nor (or increasingly neither… or) 4. both… and 5. whether… or 6. just as… so


An interjection or exclamation is a word used to express an emotion or sentiment on the part of the speaker

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Classification and Explanation Parts Of Speech. (2019, Dec 05). Retrieved from

Classification and Explanation Parts Of Speech
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