Nouns are a part of speech typically denoting a person, place, thing, animal or idea. These are the subjects in the sentence.
A common noun is the word used for a class of person, place or thing. Examples: * Car * Man * Bridge * Town * Water * Metal * Ammonia
A proper noun is the name of a person, place or thing (i. e. , its own name). A proper noun always starts with a capital letter. Examples: * Michael * Africa * Peking * Dayton Peace Accord * United Nations * The Tower of London * Uncle George Uncle is written with a capital letter because it is part of his name.
) * My favourite auntie is Auntie Sally. (In this example, the first auntie is a common noun, but the second Auntie is part of a proper noun. ) * The Red Lion
A collective noun is the name of a number (or collection) of people or things taken together and spoken of as one whole.
Examples: * team * choir * flock * gang * pack
An abstract noun is a type of noun that refers to something with which a person cannot physically interact.A noun that is abstract is an aspect, concept, idea, experience, state of being, trait, quality, feeling, or other entity that cannot be experienced with the five senses. Examples: * love * joy
Are nouns that are made up of more than one word Examples: * court-martial * pickpocket * water bottle * dining-table * boyfriend
a count noun (also countable noun) is a common noun that can be modified by a numeral and that occurs in both singular and plural form.
Examples: * Five table * One chair * Seven awards Twelve candidates * Six bottles
Also known as non-countable nouns these are the things you cannot count Examples: * Food * music
Pronouns are words that substitute for nouns a person, place, thing, or an idea.
Personal pronouns are pronouns that are associated primarily with a particular grammatical person – first person, second person, or third person. SINGULAR| PLURAL| | subjective| objective| possessive| subjective| objective| possessive| 1st person| I| me| my, mine| we| us| our, ours| nd person| you| you| your, yours| you| you| your, yours| 3rd person| hesheit| himherit| hisher, hersits| they | them| their, theirs|
Demonstrative pronouns stand in for a person, place or thing that must be pointed to. They may function as subjects, objects or objects of the preposition are pronouns that are associated primarily with a particular grammatical person – first person, second person, or third person.
Reflexive / Intensive Pronouns : the “self” pronoun
These pronouns can be used only to reflect or intensify a word already there in the sentence.Examples: * myself * yourself * himself * herself * itself * themselves * yourselves
An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun that refers to one or more unspecified beings, objects, or places. Singular: one| someone| anyone| no one| everyone| each| somebody| anybody| nobody| everybody| (n)either| something| anything| nothing| everything| Plural:
Interrogative pronouns produce information questions that require more than a “yes” or “no” answer.
Relative pronouns introduce relative (adjectival) clauses.
The verb is perhaps the most important part of the sentence. A verb or compound verb asserts something about the subject of the sentence and express actions, events, or states of being.
1. Linking Verb- joins the subject with a word in the predicate that describes the subjects
2. Action Verb- expresses an action
3. Auxiliary or helping verb-is placed before the main verb in a verb phrase
4. Main Verb- is placed after the auxiliary or helping verb in a verb phrase
An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying, or quantifying words. An adjective usually precedes the noun or the pronoun which it modifies. ? Descriptive Adjectives or adjective of quality ? Adjective of quantity ? Predicative Adjectives ? Personal Titles ? Possessive Adjectives ? Demonstrative Adjectives ? Indefinite Adjectives ? Interrogative adjectives ? Comparative Adjectives
Adverbs are words that modify a verb, adjective, another adverb.
Adverbs of Manner
Adverbs of Manner tell us the manner or way in which something happens.
Adverbs of Place
Adverbs of Place tell us the place where something happens.
Adverbs of Time
Adverbs of Time tell us something about the time that something happens.
Adverbs of Degree
Adverbs of Degree tell us the degree or extent to which something happens.
a preposition links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. The word or phrase that the preposition introduces is called the object of the preposition.
Prepositions for Time
Prepositions used for time of different natures are in, on at etc.
Preposition for Place
Prepositions “in, on or at” are usually used for different places.
Preposition for Direction
Prepositions like to, towards, through, into are used to describe the direction.
A conjunction is a joiner, a word that connects (conjoins) parts of a sentence.
These conjunctions are used to link or join two words or phrases that are equally important and complete in terms of grammar when compared with each other. For And Nor But Or Yet Soon
These conjunctions are used to join an independent and complete clause with a dependent clause that relies on the main clause for meaning and relevance. Other subordinating conjunctions are – Although, As, Before, Once, Though,Until, Whether, etc.
Correlative conjunctions work in pairs to join words and groups of words of equal weight in a sentence. There are six different pairs of correlative conjunctions: 1. either… or 2. not only… but (also) 3. neither… nor (or increasingly neither… or) 4. both… and 5. whether… or 6. just as… so
An interjection or exclamation is a word used to express an emotion or sentiment on the part of the speaker