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Chemistry Essay Examples

The Collision Theory

To help me explain the collision I am going to use information from “Chemistry Made Clear” by Gallagher and Ingram.In order for a reaction to occur the particles must meet and the collision must occur with enough energy. In the reaction I am investigating, the making of magnesium sulphate, the magnesium atoms and hydrogen ions…

Synthesis of Aspirin Lab Report

After the reaction was complete some unrelated acetic anhydride and salicylic acid was still be present in the solution as well as some sulfuric acid, aspirin, and acetic acid. Crystallization, which Uses the principle of solubility, was then used to remove most of the impurities and caused the ecstatically acid to precipitate out of the…

Chemical and Physical Changes Lab Report

Because the glassware is glass, they may break and as such must be handled gently. All glassware should be inspected for cracks before starting the lab. Ill. Pre-Lab Questions- 1 . Identify the following as either chemical or physical changes: A. Striking a match- Chemical B. Food Spoiling- Chemical C. Breaking a Glass- Physical D….

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Lab Report APA Format

The purpose is also sometimes written as a separate section from the introduction. Theory (or Background pertaining to the experiment). This can include information from previous research, explanations of theories, methods or equations used, etc. ; for the example above, you might want to explain the theory behind acid/ base titration and a brief description…

Structural and Electronic Effects Acids and Bases

Lewis acid – a substance that accepts an electron pair • All BrOnsted-Lowry acids are also Lewis acids, but the reverse is not necessarily true. Any species that is electron deficient and capable of accepting an electron pair is also a Lewis acid. • Common examples of Lewis acids (which are not BrOnstedLowry acids) include…

Preparation Of Salts

1. INSOLUBLE SALTSSoluble salt 1(aq) + soluble salt 2(aq) insoluble salt + soluble salt (aq)acid 1(aq) acid 2(aq)Pb(NO3)2(aq) + Na2SO4(g) PbSO4(s) + 2NaNO3(aq)Pb2+(aq) + SO2-4(aq) PbSO4To prepare a salt, you should firstly thoroughly mix the solution, then you should filter it to remove any precipitate. Next, you should, wash with distilled water and finally leave…

Acids Bases And Buffers

To measure the buffering capacity of two types of Isotonic drinks. Introduction: There are acid-forming. Basic forming and neutral food, however the acid or alkaline properties of a food is unable to judge by the actual acidity of the food itself. For example, citrus fruits such as lemon are acidic, but they are alkaline-forming when…

Culminating Task

“Chemistry; the branch of science that deals with the identification of the substances of which matter is composed; the investigation of their properties and the ways in which they interact, combine, and change; and the use of these processes to form new substances.” Introduction Generally, chemistry is the study of substances, compounds, and the ways…

Condensation Examples In Daily Life

“The purpose of teachers’ questions should be to promote children’s activity and reasoning” (up 41 ) which Is why It Is up to the teachers of today to establish an understanding of the different sorts of questions that can be used to get different sorts of responses from the children that would Initiate participation In…

Is Skim Milk A Homogeneous Mixture

A heterogeneous mixture that would be Solid/Liquid would be Skim milk. Although skim milk contains mostly water it also contains casein, which is a small protein. The casein protein is so small it may not be thought to be a heterogeneous mixture, but fifth skim milk curdles the mixture can be separated. A Solid/Liquid solution…

4-methylcyclohexene

Abstraction 4-methylcyclohexanol was synthesized to 4-methylcyclohexene utilizing desiccation. 4-methylcyclohexanol was heated to reflux and the subsequent distillation ( 4-methylcyclohexe ) was collected. It was so purified utilizing Na chloride to divide merchandises and an anhydrous solid was so added and filtered. The resulting merchandise had a mass of 0.399 g and a percent output of…

Eutectic Temperature Of Naphthalene Biphenyl System

Abstract Thermal analysis of a solid-liquid phase using cooling curves at various compositions is a method used to obtain the eutectic composition and temperature of naphthalene-biphenyl. The XE was 0. 45 and the TE was 310. 3K these are slightly different from the theoretical values which are 0. 44 and 312K respectively. Results The cooling…

Molar Mass Of Ni3(Po4)2

Chemistry 200 Exam 1 Review Problems 1. Calculate the number of atoms in 10. 0 grams of Fe. 2. Give the mass number, #protons, #neutrons and #electrons for the isotope strontium-88. 3. Calculate the number of moles of carbon in 50. 0 g of benzene C6H6 4. A substance is found to be 38. 7…

Sulphuric Acid Is Dibasic

Demonstrating that sulphuric is dibasic: Aim: The aim of my plan is to demonstrate that sulphuric acid is dibasic. Introduction: Acid is a substance that reacts with a base to form a salt and water similarly a base is a substance that reacts with an acid to form a salt and water. “Lewis (a scientist)…

Clara Lim-sylianco

Dr. Clara Lim-Sylianco is a Filipino scientist known on her works on mutagens, anti-mutagens, and Carcinogenic chemicals found in various fruits and vegetables. She also authored schoolbooks that are still makes use in schools nowadays. She received the Gregorio Y. Zara award in 1979; she also served as the UP Endowment Professorial Chair in chemistry…

Salt And Sand Separation Lab Report

Evaporation is a process where two liquids or solid mixed into a liquid can be separated. To separate two liquids mixed together, the liquid is boiled over a Bunsen burner until one liquid is completely evaporated. To separate a solid within a liquid, the liquid is completely evaporated and a solid will remain, which is…

Concentration Of Sodium Carbonate

Finding the concentration of sodium carbonate:Mass (Na2CO3 transferred to volumetric flask)= [mass (weighing bottle) + mass (Na2CO3)]-[mass(weighing bottle after emptying)]=15.24g – 12.59g=2.65gMolar mass (Na2CO3)Na=23C=12O=162Na x 1C x 3O = molar mass= (2 x 23) + 16 + (3 x 16)=106Number of mols (Na2CO3) = mass/molar mass=2.65g/106=0.025molNumber of mols (Na2CO3) = concentration x volume10000.025 mol. =…

Hydrobromic Acid With Magnesium

For this experiment our primary goal was to observe and note the reaction of butanols with hydrobromic acid. Before the lab began we discussed and proposed mechanisms. (see “Mechanisms”) To begin this experiment we calculated how much of each material we were going to be using, and the numbers we chose to use differed from…

Cooling Rates Of Liquids

Heat energy is conducted from the hot end to the cold end. It is transferred from atom to atom. At the hot end the atoms are vibrating a lot. The vibration is gradually passed along to the other atoms as they collide into each other. This happens in all substances, but in a metal something…

Distillation Lab Report

If the boiling points are too close, this method will not work because the two compounds will begin evaporating at close temperatures and will condense down to the receiving flasks at relatively the same times. This will not create an ideal separation. The apparatus used for this type of distillation is longer than that of…

Who Discovered Dry Ice

In 1835, the French chemist Charles Thilorier was the first man to discover dry ice. One day he opened a very large container of liquid carbon dioxide. The carbon dioxide would quickly evaporate, which left a solid dry ice in the bottom of the container. For the next 60 years, dry ice was observed in…

Parallax Error Chemistry

Initial hypothesis: A 1 Ox eluted potassium dichloride solution have an expected spectrophotometer reading of 1. 000 while a xx diluted potassium dichloride solution have an expected spectrophotometer reading of 0. 200. The result we obtained correlates strongly to the hypothesis, albeit with a spectrophotometer reading error reaching as high as +0. 07 which is…

Copper Ii Iodate

Introduction: Copper(II) iodate(V) ionizes weakly in water: Cu(IO3)2 + aq Cu2+(aq) + 2IO3-(aq) For a saturated solution of copper(II) iodate(V), concentration of IO3- ions doubles that of the Cu2+ (aq) ions, and Ksp of Cu(IO3)2(s) can be calculated by determining the concentration of Cu2+(aq) ion of a saturated Cu(IO3)2(aq). The e. m. f. of a…

Why Should Each Sample Be Tightly Packed Into The Capillary Tube Prior To Heating

Melting point temperature is a physical property of pure substances. It is an intensive property, which means the amount of material tested is irrelevant. This lab will determine the melting point temperatures of two known pure substances, naphthalene and p-dishonorable, using micro-sized quantities and a capillary melting tube apparatus. The percent error will then be…

Banana Oil Synthesis

Once all the needed chemicals were added we waited for about 70-minutes for the reaction to take place. The desired temperature for the reaction was ICC. We also had the solution at a constant stir. After the reaction was done taking place, we began to purification process. We used a pipette to remove the excess…

Chemistry Cheat Sheet

Procedure for Negatively Charged Ions (CHIC-) Use the same procedure as outlined above, then as a last step add one electron per negative charge to fill octets. Carbonate ion has a 2- charge, so we have two electrons available to fill octets. Using the procedure above, we arrive a this structure: The two singly-bonded oxygen…

Write The Balanced Equation For The Neutralization Reaction Between H3po4 And Naoh In An Aqueous Solution. Phases Are Optional.

Strength of Acid and Alkali, Reacting Masses, Volumetric AnalysisIn which of the following cases may it obtain a complete neutralization?(1)25.0 cm3 of 0.120 M sulphuric acid and 50cm3of 0.120M sodium hydroxide solution(2)50.cm3 of 0.5 M Sodium hydroxide and 0.025 moles of aqueous ammonium chloride(3)20.0cm3 of 0.100M phosphoric acid and 30.0cm3 of 0.200 M potassium hydroxide…

Sulfuric Acid Paper

Sulfuric acid is one of the most important industrial chemicals; more sulfuric acid is produced each year than is made of any other manufactured chemical. More than 40 million tons of it was produced in the United States in 1990 and was heavily manufactured in nearly every other country. It has widely varied uses and…

Flame Test Lab Report

Test Lab was an experiment designed to show how elements react when heated. This Lab attempted to prove that when electrons are excited and then calm, they emit a color specific to the element. This test showed that there is a direct coloration between the heat energy being expelled and the movement of electrons from…

Synthesis Of Dulcin

The dimmer bond forms between two carbons that have each lost an electron and have one to share, The dimmer bond does not involve an oxygen, so this is called oxidative demarcation because two identical compounds are bonded at oxidized carbons. 2) Draw resonance structures for the phenotype anion: 3) Why does the dimmer bond…

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