Robert Owen lived from 1771 to 1858. At one time, he was a successful entrepreneur. However, he tried to resist industrialization because he believed it would do more harm than good. He opened his first factory in Manchester, England at the age of eighteen.
He explained his management style as follows: “I looked very sagely at people from their different departments, even though I didn’t really know anything. But by observing everything carefully, I maintained order and regularity throughout the institution, which under the circumstances was much better than I expected.
Owen continued to seek new knowledge, so he closed his company, sold his equipment and became an employee of Mr. At first he found out just by watching the workers perform their duties, in the end he was able to gain the trust of the employees because he improved their working conditions and also rearranged the tools of the company. with this great success, Owen left himself and later formed a partnership business between 1874 and 1875.
In his new business, he faced a shortage of workers, so he came up with a different strategy for hiring children who worked thirteen hours a day. including grinding times of one and a quarter of an hour. this step, which he took, became imperative because he noticed that it was difficult for him to motivate a wealthy adult to leave his home to come and work for their firm.
Although his partners did not accept all of his reforms, he sought to introduce social responsibility for social responsibility by improving living conditions in the New Age community.
Owen drew attention to the economic and social problem and suggested ways to solve it. In his opinion, the best way to solve this problem is to improve your agricultural implements in order to get a good harvest. In doing so, he planned to use a shovel instead of a plow and establish a more suitable standard rate for the unrestricted exchange of the product of labor.
In New Lanark, Owen passed another milestone by presenting four colors for evaluating his employees. He chose this style because he felt that moral sauce instilled discipline more than the use of corporal punishment. This invention prompted the weak to overcome their shortcomings, and the strong to do more to maintain their position. This undoubtedly brought pride to the department and healthy competition between different departments.
In addition, Owen prefers to use human labor over machines because he felt that human labor would bring more profit, care for people, and reduce human suffering than using machinery. Owen declared all-out war on capitalism, and also accused the church of accepting this, he considered it a bad act.
On top of that, Owen continued his opposition to church doctrine by forcing workers to fill in that they would receive their remuneration here later, prompting him to be actively involved in politics and even sponsored a bill banning the employment of younger children. ten years of age to work and forbid them to work at night. This fierce campaign was crowned with success as legislation was passed restricting the employment of children under the age of nine. Many thought Owen was crazy.
Desperate that he had not achieved his goal, Owen traveled to the United States and bought the land for £ 30,000 and called it New Harmony, as a socialist his goal for the new society was to bring happiness to all its members. This work is intended, a new monetary system based on credit work is being created. he also ensured gender equality and freedom of speech. Many people choose to work, but there were problems, some believed that they could still be solved without giving their best, while others worked according to Owen’s principles.
In addition, a nutritional problem arose and workers’ morale began to drop. To solve this problem, Owen took on the responsibility of being governor, but the people did not like it because they felt that he had made a treaty that he was tough with them. therefore, failing to reorganize them, he surrendered and left in 1827.
After leaving New Harmony, he became very emotionally and financially frustrated and realized that his experience could not work everywhere. their firms, so that everyone has a common and elimination of shortcomings. He struggled with specialization because he felt that everyone could do more than one thing and should be able to change what they want to do at any time. Leads the British trade union movement, a labor movement based on the idea of collective action to control the means of production. It failed. Yet Robert Owen, a utopian socialist, sowed the first seeds of concern about the human factor in industry.