Canada’s Economy in Context with Women

Labor in BC

Canada’s Economy in Context with Women

Labor in BC

Child Labour

Daljit Singh June 07, 2019

Providing employment to children in contravention of national and international laws regarding minimum age is child labour. In the article “Child Labour: An Overview”, Cassola (2016), discussed history and impact of child labour on society. Cassola (2016) started with the involvement of the children in day to day life works and how it becomes child labour in the later period of time.

It generally originates from poverty and some particular states of industrial development. In ancient times children participated in agricultural and some of the domestic works as a helping hand in the family, this practice was enjoyed by the children also as they take it as a learning practice which could help them in their livelihood when they become adults. Child labour actually started in late eighteen and nineteen century when children were employed as extensively working labours.

The physical and mental nature of child labour eventually led to its prohibition.

Furthermore, with the growing child labour in late eighteen and nineteen, various organisation came into play to eliminate child labour. International Labour Organisation(ILO) is one of the organization that performs some international efforts to eliminate child labour through out the world. ILO’s convention for child employment and minimum age employment has set for international standards for child employment. Furthermore, according to Cassola & Adele (2016), globalisation of trade in later half of twentieth century aggravated problem of child labour.

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Issue of child labour in Canada has been increasingly debated since the turn of the twenty first century. In 2013, a report specified that about 10 percent of children between five and seventeen are engaged in child labour. In July, 2014, death of a fifteen year old worker in Alberta drew the attention of ILO towards growing child labour in Canada. 13 year old Canadian Craig Kielburger talks about a child labour Munna in a New Delhi, India market (Cassola, 2016)(Figure 1).

086775Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 1: 13 year old Canadian Craig Kielburger talks about Child Labour

Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 1: 13 year old Canadian Craig Kielburger talks about Child Labour

Increasing awareness among people regarding disastrous consequences of child labour, ILO continuously does surveys and programs in various regions of the world. In the article “Commit to ending of child labour now!”, Gearhart (2018), it has been discussed how the awareness rate among people regarding child labour has decreased. According to one of the survey of ILO, still 152 million children are employed as child labour and these children are loosing their education and bright future. Gearhart (2018) have clearly specified to end child labour completely ILO need to reach country by country and people by people. In 2014 a Global march led by a former ILRF board member did more than awareness and mobilize activists. The march made a significant impact because of involvement of children in the march where they expresses their interest towards future goals in life. To end child labour global industrialisation need to come front and provide some serious efforts as most of the child labour is still can be found in the industries. Support to the United Nation’s sustainable development goal is required to eliminate child labour completely from all over the world.

After reading both the articles I believe that child labour is one of the serious problems that world is facing today. Its clear from both the articles that child labour is affecting the future of the children by indulging them in low wage work environments where they are getting effect both physically and psychologically. There are some measures that need to be taken to eliminate child labour by increasing declining rate of child labour in all over the world.

0124932Figure 2: Chart explaining ratio of unemployed workers leading child labour

Figure 2: Chart explaining ratio of unemployed workers leading child labour

According to recent survey main poverty is the reason that is also leading child labour in the world to its higher rate. Families under poverty line criteria need to fulfil their basic requirements therefore they send all of their family members for work including the younger ones in the home, this ultimately leads to children doing labour under unacceptable conditions (Max, 2018)(Figure 2).

Firstly, the way to control increasing rate of child labour is Child labour free zones, it can be any place a village, a school or any area where no child employment should be followed under some supervisions and if its getting violated then some serious actions should be taken. In these zones special attention should be given to the former child labours so that they can meet in the race of education with other children around and can secure their future. Initially it was introduced in 1992 with very small size child labour free zones, but later on it gain a lot off momentum as many organisation analyse that this is the way to control child labour through out the world.

Education is a one of the important factor that can spread awareness among the people and children regarding their bright future. Education is the way to remove child labour as education is the one of the crucial component that could contribute in child’s development and can led to bright future. With the formal education a child can came to know basic rights which could help him to understand the consequences of the indulging in child labour (“International Labour Organisation”, 2019).

For more information on measures to control child labour, click on the following links:

Protect Children Today- World Vision

Ways you can stop child labour today – The better India

No one will produce what no one buys – The world countsChild protection from violence, exploitation and abuse – UNICEFOne more program also initialised to control the rate of child labour is Labour Inspection. A proper labour inspection should be scheduled at some random period of time to check if any employed worker is less than seventeen years or not. This will help in maintaining employment standards for the area. Inspection should be scheduled randomly because this could make employer of the industries, fields aware of consequences if a child is employed under their supervision (“International Labour Organisation,” 2019).

Lastly, a Time bound programme, it is an ILO Convention No. 182 calls for time-bound measures to eliminate the worst forms of child labour. All the countries should plan time bound programmes by proper planning, implementation and resource mobilisation. It’s a practice that involves participation of a lot of stake holders, employers associations and donors. Time bound programmes should be plan in a way so that it can be adapt under any circumstances for every country (“International Labour Organisation,” 2019).

After analysing all the facts and research I am sure that child labour is not good for any country, it will never led to civilisation in any case. It should be stopped by first controlling its highly increasing rate. Main factors of child labour like lack of awareness and poverty forces children to work under unacceptable circumstances. I believe that the other than specified measures should be taken as soon as possible so that future of the children can be secured.

References

Cassola, A., & Renneboog, R.M.J. (2016) Child Labour: An Overview. Canadian Points Of View, 1. Retrieved from Craig Kielburge.(2018). Canadian Points of View [image]. Retrieved from HYPERLINK ”

Child labour and education (2018). International Labour Organisation,1. Retrieved from Inspection (2018). International Labour Organisation,1. Retrieved from Bound Programmes (2018). International Labour Organisation,1. Retrieved from M. & Ortiz, E. (2019). Child Labour. Our World In Data [Image], Retrieved from

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