Advance biofuel production from native technologies played a vital role for the global economy and the socio economical development the global energy consumption rate is increasing of 2.3 annually and the main sources of energy generation are petroleum 36% coal 27.4%and natural gases 23%. these fossils fuels consumption rate for energy generation is the largest contribution to air pollution and green house gases emission which is releases sulfur nitrogen oxides carbon monoxides and particulate matters the combination of these components the formation of troposphere zone and the main components of smog.
while biofuel contain very low constituents of sulfur and nitrogen that is reduce the green house gases emission s. prasad and m.s dhanya 2011 india is one of the developing country due to increase in the urbanization industrial sectors and population of human being that increase the demand of energy continuously. for the transportation fuels indian depends only golf countries that develops new technologies and strategies which can makes the country independent. indian researcher developed native technologies that can fulfill the demand of energy and reduce the carbon emission.
india is fourth largest country of co2 emitter which contributes 13% of world wide carbon emission. more than half of the greenhouse gasoline emission is attributed to strength generation and the transport sector. to date most of the choice electricity preferences are proper for strength generation. while photo voltaic and wind power are amongst the promising future green power sources for power generation the multiple use of bio fuels such as bio ethanol in the transportation sector is viewed to be among the strongest positive aspects goldenberg 2007 the use of liquid bio fuels for the transportation region has extensive importance in decreasing the dependency on petroleum oil.
it additionally generates much less greenhouse gases than petroleum derived fuels furnished that efficient methods for conversion of lignocelluloses to future generating fuel schwietzke et al. 2008 lignocelluloses materials is the most ample natural substances in the biosphere and they are considered to be the potential future substrates for bio fuel production nevoigt; 2008 although considerable technological developments have been achieved in this area in the last three decades. based on lignocellulosic biomass and metabolic conversion of bio ethanol production can be categorized as conventional or advanced. the production of conventional bio fuels additionally known as first generation bio fuels makes use of well-established technologies that are already at industrial scale. the two great examples are bio ethanol produced from vegetation such as corn cob and sugarcane and biodiesel produced from oil crops such as soy bean sunflower and rapeseed oil. blending of bio ethanol with gasoline and biodiesel with diesel oil can extensively contribute potentially fuel emission reduction. randelli 2009 in modern-day biofuels derived from non-food lignocelluloses biomass such as agricultural waste and forest residues municipal solid wastes aquatic weeds industrial effluent and energy crops are believed to be the future resources that can contribute to the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions provide a clean and sustainable energy source that can help to increase energy security and increase the agricultural income for rural domain in developing countries.