Having stress is part of our everyday lives, it is what keeps us sharp. Stress motivates us, Improves alertness and memory for a short period of time. Stress becomes a negative impact when it affects one regularly in unpleasant ways. Increased fear and disabled dread are what changes regular stress into anxiety eventually leading to Anxiety Disorders.
It becomes an Anxiety Disorder when stress becomes long term. In order to clarify what a disorder is, there first needs to be an understanding of what Psychological Disorders mean.
A Psychological Disorder is when an individual cannot function properly in a healthy way, since abnormal, dysfunctional and disturbing patterns are found in feelings, behaviors or thoughts. Anxiety Disorders are related to fear, constant anxiety and the dysfunction of getting rid of a certain anxiety. Symptoms of anxiety include: Nausea, Trembling and Twitching, Muscle aches and tension, Fatigue, Dizziness, Chest Pain, Headaches, Stomach aches, Nervous Energy, and much more. Chronic worry and emotional stress causes health problems when they occur regularly.
The release of stress hormones in the Fight or Flight response creates reactions in the body caused from the Sympathetic Nervous System. Stress doesn’t make one physically ill because stress is only a trigger. Being sick brings about when excessive anxiety and stress affects various interacting systems. The effects in the body is the outcome of the way stress is responded. Anxiety Disorders often accompany with Cognitive Distortions, which are irrational thoughts or beliefs. Cognitive Distortions are worries. It also has great impacts on behaviors.
Anxiety disorders should not be something that should be simply ignored and quickly run away from, it requires treatment and special care.
Some of the types of Anxiety disorders are: Panic Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Specific Phobias, General Anxiety Disorder. Generalized Anxiety Disorder is when an individual is experiencing constant negative, unfocused and out-of-control feeling. The worry is overboard and is hard to control. Panic Disorder is when one suddenly feels worried without any warning, in intense fear or dread. Common symptoms are chest pains, difficulty breathing and a racing heartbeat. A Phobia is the fear of specific objects, situations and activities that are avoided in order to get away from feeling anxious.
A Social Anxiety Disorder is having anxiety when seen or interacting with others. This disorder gives off a sense of fear. Adults through the ages of 18 and older are commonly affected by Anxiety Disorders in the U.S., it covers 19.1% of the population. Adults in the U.S. have experienced an estimation of 31.1% of any kind of Anxiety Disorder in their lifetime. When the balance of the emotional center in the brain is disturbed or goes haywire it causes Anxiety and Mood disorders. The Limbic system is referred to be the emotional processing structures of the brain. A small almond shaped structure located inside of the brain known as the Amygdala, is a part of the Limbic System. The Amygdala plays a major key of emotions and fear in the brain, it tells the hypothalamus when to activate the fight or flight response.
The Hypothalamus initiates two different systems, which is the sympathetic nervous system and the adrenal cortical system. The sympathetic nervous system causes action in the body though nerve pathways. The bloods stream is used though the adrenal-cortical system. Both create a flight or fight response. The sympathetic nervous system then results to a release of epinephrine and norepinephrine that spread into the bloodstream. The stress hormones cause the body to change in different ways, increasing blood pressure and heart rate. When the Sympathetic nervous system overworks, it produces some sort of physical response.
The Flight or Fight response is important in helping us survive in dangerous situations. The conditions of Anxiety Disorders are serious and need to be treated by some sort of psychotherapy or Medications. Both seem to be the most effective treatment when used at the same time. Getting help from a psychiatrist, counsellor, or psychologist will provide a diagnosis to the patient from discussing the current symptoms and thoughts. Therapy is found to be the most effective option to treat anxiety. Therapy discovers the causes of worries and fears. The therapist will help one to cope with anxiety and teach the patient how to find ways to solve those problems.
The therapist goal is to help one overcome anxiety and teach them how to use it in an effective way. Research has found, improvements are seen within 8-10 sessions. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and exposure therapy are both considered beneficial for Anxiety Disorders. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or CBT guides the patient to shift the reactions of negative thoughts and beliefs into a different way of thinking. Once the patient has changed the way they think, they can change the way they feel. Meditation is prescribed by physicians. The age group that primarily takes antidepressants are through the ages of 18-44
There are a variety of Medications to treat Anxiety disorders. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors are used for any kind of anxiety disorders.
The drug allows the serotonin neurotransmitter to stay in the synapses by blocking reabsorption or reuptake after being released, it adjusts serotonin signaling and repeatedly stimulates the receiving neuron. Serotonin- Norepinephrine Reuptake inhibitors do the same as SSRIs, but it also also increases norepinephrine. Both constraining to be reabsorbed into the brain. Benzodiazepine is a short-term treatment that is highly effective. It may become addictive because of its instant feeling of pleasure and relaxation.