We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Ancient Rome

forum
open area in a city filled with public buildings, temples, and markets
forum

republic
a government in which citizens have the right to vote and elect officials
republic

maniple
a unit of between 60 and 160 soldiers that made up a legion
maniple

legion
basic unit of the Roman army, each legion had about 5000 armed soldiers
legion

Etruscans
this culture was influenced by the Greeks and Phoenicians….in turn this culture influenced the Romans (architecture, alphabet)
Etruscans

constitution
system of rules by which a government is organized – Rome’s was unwritten

veto
means to stop or cancel the action of a government official or body…in Latin it means “I forbid”
veto

magistrate
elected officials who enforce the law
magistrate

toga
garment that adult men wore wrapped around their bodies that symbolized citizenship
toga

consul
top officials in the Roman republic – these two officials led the army and presided over the senate and assemblies. They were also the highest judges.
consul

senate
in Ancient Rome these important citizens helped pass laws and controlled foreign policy and government money
senate

assemblies
these were groups of adult male Roman citizens who passed laws and elected magistrates
assemblies

fasces
bundles of rods and an axe that were a symbol of a high magistrate’s power – usually a symbol of a republic – used as symbols of dictatorships in the 20th century …fascism
fasces

patriarchal society
Rome’s society was ruled by men and people traced their origins through their male ancestors
patriarchal society

villa
large country home owned by elite Roman families ….had courtyards, gardens, private baths, and even running water
villa

slavery
slavery was common in ancient Rome, as many as 40 percent of the population was slaves in the year 1 B.C.

empire
a state containing several countries or territories
empire

province
legal area within a country or empire
province

civil war
war between groups from the same country – common at the end of the Roman republic and after Julius Caesar’s assassination
civil war

Augustus
Octavian – J.C.’s adopted son and heir – became first Roman Emperor after years of civil war – led Rome into the Pax Romana
Augustus

Rubicon
the river Julius Caesar crossed with his army to take Rome
Rubicon

Julius Caesar
Roman general who conquered Gaul, whose troops were loyal to him – took control of Rome as dictator and helped the poor, revised the calendar

deify
officially declared to be a god and worshipped (as in Augustus)
deify

Pax Romana”
“Roman Peace” lasted from 30 B.C. to A.D. 180 started with the reign of Augustus
Pax Romana

concrete
building material made by mixing small stones and sand with limestone, clay, and water – allowed domes and arches to be built
concrete

aqueduct
channel that moves water over land – “water pipe” the Romans used gravity to bring water into the cities
aqueduct

Greco-Roman
combined culture of Greece & Rome (religion, architecture)
Greco-Roman

Pompeii
this Roman city was destroyed by the volcano Vesuvius in A.D. 79 – the ash preserved the city and it is an important archaeological discovery
Pompeii

Pantheon
the largest dome in the world for 17 centuries – stands in Rome and is intact!
Pantheon

Circus Maximus
chariot racing arena – huge racecourse that could seat 270,000 people –
Circus Maximus

Colosseum
as many as 50,000 spectators watched the gladiatorial fights in this arena/amphitheater completed in A.D. 80
Colosseum

satire
work of literature that makes fun of its subject/ mocks it… a form of Roman literature
satire

mosaic
design formed with small tiles of glass, stone, or pottery ….. a Roman art form
mosaic

e pluribus unum
on our United States currency – Latin for “from many, one”
e pluribus unum

Augustus becomes the first emperor
27 B.C.
Augustus becomes the first emperor

Rome Empire reaches its largest size
A.D. 117
Rome Empire reaches its largest size

Roman Empire collapses
A.D. 476
Roman Empire collapses

Roman republic is founded
500 B.C.
Roman republic is founded

Julius Caesar becomes dictator
44 B.C.
Julius Caesar becomes dictator

“All roads lead to Rome….”
more than 50,000 miles of paved roads crisscrossed the Roman Empire – many still exist today. (the first world wide web)

Tags:

Our customer support team is available Monday-Friday 9am-5pm EST. If you contact us after hours, we'll get back to you in 24 hours or less.

By clicking "Send Message", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.
No results found for “ image
Try Our service

Hi, I am Colleen from Paperap.

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Click to learn more https://goo.gl/CYf83b