Aerial technology and audio/video streaming have been a subject well worth waiting for and researching about. We have recently come across the commercial technology through drones, such as Parrot AR.Drone Quadricopter and GoPro, that allow you to purchase and own an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) for theatrical and photographical purposes. The first responders and military have also been using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) to aid in rescues, patrolling the scene, clearing scenes, checking for safety, and observing enemy territory. In 2007, the Kenora Police Service used photographs of a scene taken from an unarmed aerial vehicle, as evidence in a trial for the first time in history. Kenora Police used a Draganflyer X6, which is a remotely operated miniature helicopter that can record wireless video, take still photographs, and has light thermal imaging. (Parrot, A.R 2012 Frontpage) (Homeland Security News Wire February 17, 2011 Canadian police push limits of civilian UAVs laws) The need and the constant technological advances of unmanned aerial vehicles are expected to dramatically increase, making the world market double from $6 billion dollars in 2011 to $12+ billion dollars by 2021. The difficulty of it all is the complications of the ethicalities and the privacy rights of people not only in the United States, but everywhere in the world. If laws are not upheld and rights are not respected, how can we live a life without extreme biases, prejudices, and partisan views? The use of unmanned aerial vehicles is a necessity, but need extensive reviews and laws made to protect our citizens.
Bradbury depicts a perfect reality of what our future is heading towards and what it could possibly be if changes are not made in a drastic manner. Bradbury has a very evangelical tone and always refers to the hope of the world relying solely within ourselves. He shows humanity for what it truly is and the potential destruction or hope each human can be. Bradbury shows the evil that may lie within our world and the bravery that is needed to over come that scary reality. He shows us that we need to take the initiative to overcome or learn how to cope adequately with the evil that confronts us every morning and every night of our lives. Bradbury shows us that if we live a life of ignorance and never show a sort of curiosity for the world around us, we may or may not be able to unapologetically accept the consequences of. When Guy Montag meets Clarisse McClellan for the first time, he automatically has a feeling that is unsettling because he does not recognize the emotions and the thoughts that are wondering through his mind. McClellan shows Montag a sense of self and opens the door for Montag to start to evaluate his current reality and the world he lives in despite his passion and dedication to his life, a fireman. Montag is used to a life full of destruction and power and taking from others their sense of self and entitlement in the world. Montag is introduced as an egotistical stereotype of what most people in our current society see of service men. Bradbury walks us through McClellans odd world filled with interaction with her family, curiosity, and analytical, but free thinking and how she changes Montags points of views. Due to the change in Montags train of thought, he then starts to feel emotions he can not understand. Mainly emotions of guilt and self-consciousness but does not understand why until he realizes he spent his life letting the government and other men tell him how to think and what to do, without giving him any choices of otherwise. Through the disappearance of McClellan, Montag starts to finally interact with his wife for the first time in their entire relationship. There must be something in books, something we cant imagine, to make a woman stay in a burning house (Bradbury,51). Montag was reflecting on when he saw a woman refusing to leave her home with her books, so willing to die because of things that were supposed to be the very source of evil and nothingness. Which then opens his mind to what those books might be holding. When Montag tries to slightly open the conversation with Beatty, Beatty shuts him off and questions him which proves to Montag that he must find this out through his own means of going against all beliefs and government laws and find a book himself. What was it always like this? The firehouse, our work? I mean, well, once upon a time (Bradbury 31) Once upon a time! What kind of talk is that? (Bradbury 31) Beatty makes Montag feel ridiculous for even bringing a thought like this up.
This is similar to the 1950s during the Womens Auxiliary of the American Legion of Norwich, Connecticut, which held a comic book burning. The Auxiliary asked all children to bring at least 10 comic books to the event to exchange it with a new clean comic book. Politicians and psychiatrists, people of power, were convinced that the villains in comic books were sending thoughts into the minds of the youth. The make-believe villains that were featured in comic books were accused of subconsciously encouraging violence and promoting destruction within the communities. Through the influence of people in power people started to believe that comic books were starting to become a plague that caused violence and negative behavior. Comic books were eventually ended in flames and millions of people lost their jobs. This is where this dystopian theme of book burning, and government control of our persons come into play. Bradbury used the comic book burnings of the 1950s to reflect how our current present may affect our future. This sense of awareness brings censorship and our rights to mind. Conspiracy, manipulation, power, and corruption took away the inspiration and beauty of society which made individuals feel less prompted to speak up. Because of the fear of disobedience people started to turn to technology as a means of escape. Technology has needed to have advances that explore other means of surveillance, recording, and memory.
The three main types of telecommunication through unmanned aerial vehicles are micro and mini unarmed aerial vehicles, tactical unarmed aerial vehicles, and strategic unarmed aerial vehicles. (Cavoukian, 6) Most UAVs are and can be equipped with camera technologies that can record and transmit photo imageries to the ground control station. These technologies have become cheaper and more sophisticated and allow images to be captured at greater distances with higher resolutions. UAV may also be equipped with sensors, such as forward-looking infrared or other thermal imaging camera that will detect infrared radiation, which will be emitted from some source of heat and be used to create a picture assembled for the video output. The advancing video and analytics can apply artificial intelligence to collecting and processing considerable amounts of video date. This combined with the growing facial recognition software, can be used to continuously track individual while in public AND private places. This includes, but is not limited to see through walls, windows, locked and closed doors, and much more. (Cavoukian, 6) Domestic deployment of unarmed aerial vehicles are used to operate in diverse and high risk environments for scientific research, oceanographic research, geophysical research, mineral exploration, imaging spectrometry, telecommunications, police surveillance, border patrol and reconnaissance, survey and inspection of remote power lines and pipelines, traffic and accident surveillance, emergency and disaster monitoring, cartography and mapping, search and rescue, agricultural spraying, aerial photography, promotion and advertising, weather reconnaissance, flight research, and fire-fighting monitoring and management. (Cavoukian 7)
The uses of UAV technologies have raised an increasingly alarming issues such as the collection, retention, use, disclosure, and safe use and or destruction of personal information. (Cavoukian 10) The United States has made promising efforts to address the privacy concerns that come with UAV usage. The U.S Supreme Court has ruled that the polices use of private planes being deployed in public navigable airspace did not require a warrant, but the use of thermal imaging equipment to require a warrant because the images being attained were not through readily accessible views to the public or in other words plain view. Yes, this is a promising step in the direction we hope for, but the laws and regulations towards the code of conduct made mandatory during the use of private drones are still too broad to address all our civil rights. (Cavoukian 10) Under the Obama administration it has been made a requirement for the Federal Aviation Administration to draft rules and regulations, as well as the implications for violating such, of civilian drones operating in the United States airspace. (FAA Modernization Reform Act 2012 H.R 658) The Federal Aviation Administration now requires personal information as well as the following for a personal drone license; the purpose of which the drone will be used and the circumstances under which its use will be authorized and by whom, the specific kinds of information the drone will collect about individuals, the length of time for which the information will be retained, the possible impact on individuals privacy, the specific steps the applicant will take to mitigate the impact on individuals privacy, including protections against unauthorized disclosure, the individual responsible for safe and appropriate use of the drone, and an individual point of contact for citizen complaints. (Cavoukian 13) This list was not enough for the American Civil Liberties Union because they wanted more constitutional issues to be addressed, they want usage restrictions, image retention restrictions, and public notice to also be factored into these laws and regulations.
The admirable prospective progress being made by our government is both inspiring and discouraging because of the many loopholes and unspoken about ideals through technology and how to attain personal information. Surveillance technologies have burgeoned during the last several decades. An assessment of the impacts of drones on behavioral privacy identifies a set of specific threats that are created or exacerbated. (Clarke, Roger The regulation of civilian drones impacts on behavioral privacy) Our privacy is one of the most important social and political rights we are entitled to as humans in our society. With the growing of our technologies and services through such, we must mend the gap between privacy intrusion and applicable safety procedures. Usage of UAV are changing the way we act, think, and feel about our safety, security, ownership, and privacy. Most importantly the usage of such technologies has been legitimized by rules and regulations as well as licensing from federal agencies which are being used for productive usages.
In order for us to not live a dystopian society that Bradbury predicts of our present. We must ensure and hold powerful legislatures and people to their promises. Bradbury depicts the evil that may possibly be lurking in our shadows if we do not stay curious, informed, and stay active in our rights. We must remember that within new advances come new circumstances and more ways to devalue our civil rights. The government having the power to constantly monitor us from any place and anywhere in our homes takes away the feelings of safety and assurance because of the major mental and physical effects these stresses may bring to us. Dystopias are a version of a utopia.